Bail Reform

Bail Reform

There are many things wrong with the criminal justice system but the figures and stories put out by bail reform groups are not the whole story. Bail reform is not needed. These programs shift the burden of paying from the Defendants to the taxpayers they cost millions and aren’t effective. The failure to appear rate in Oklahoma County for the first appearance is over 50%.
Obviously I don’t want to be put out of business but if they had a better way of insuring people would show up to court and be accountable for their actions I would accept that. When the Defendant fails to appear in court the victims aren’t getting justice and more crimes are being committed. Public safety and accountability are what we bring to the table.
Most people who are not bonded by their families are in jail because their families want them to be. They need to know they are not going to overdose and die or steal Grandma’s money and jewelry again. Bondsman take payments and we work with people.
The truly indigent see a Judge and get released on OR within a few days obviously stuff happens and people do fall through the cracks but it is naive and idealistic to believe millions of innocent first time offenders are languishing in jail. If I hadn’t been doing this every day for 25 years I would believe the stories but I know the reality.
I care about my clients and I want them to get help but it’s not helping them to just release them with no supervision. What they need is more funding for inpatient rehab and mental health treatment. In Oklahoma we have defunded many of our drug programs and mental health services for years. That is where we need to put our money.

Rhetoric on California bail reform fails to address problems

April 9, 2018

by GLORIA MITCHELL

We heard a lot about bail reform this year in California with the companion bills, Assembly Bill 42 and Senate Bill 10 (The California Money Bail Reform Act of 2017). The rush to judgment and pressure to change the system in a swift and dramatic fashion based on national class-warfare rhetoric obscures the true picture of the problems … and real solutions.

While I wish we had the type of iron-fisted political clout, which we are accused of wielding, the truth is that the bail industry did not single-handedly stop the legislation in California. Yes, we were against it, but the real opposition came from groups like the Alliance of California Judges, California State Association of Counties, the Association of Elected District Attorneys, the Los Angeles County district attorney, the Los Angeles Deputy District Attorneys Association, Crime Victims United and other victims groups, and a wide swath of law enforcement associations and unions, among many others.

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Related: Bail reform makes California safer for all

Adding to that was a significant outcry from the public who, we discovered, have had enough with the recent trend of soft-on-crime policies including Proposition 47 and Proposition 57.

Targeting and criticizing the bail industry as the key problem in the criminal justice system, is not only misleading but prevents us from truly understanding the real problems. It blinds us and prevents us from listening to constructive ideas and solutions that may actually work. Solutions surrounding bail schedules, market imbalances, and charge stacking. Solutions that the bail industry has brought to the table on multiple occasions but were ignored or rejected.

Why? Because the bail industry is being described as the problem. Decision makers believe that the bail industry only cares about its profits and nothing else. Well, it just isn’t true. We want a workable solution to California’s criminal justice challenges just like everyone else.

What many people don’t understand is that without bail, few in California could afford release at all. In this way, the bail industry helps the poor. Bail is always labeled as an evil “for-profit” business in the criminal justice system. The reality is that bail industry’s revenues pale in comparison to every other business that services the criminal justice system. This includes attorneys, GPS monitoring companies, and drug testing providers to name a few.

In addition, the effectiveness of what we do is constantly and purposely misrepresented by our opposition. Our industry returns defendants back to court from all over the country, and all over the world. And we do this at zero cost to the state or counties in which we operate. If bail is eliminated, the estimated cost to California will be over $3.8 billion. How much sense does that make?

The reason why bail is so effective is because we operate under a strong financial incentive. In one of the most comprehensive studies ever done on the subject of bail (Helland & Tabarrok, University of Chicago Journal of Law and Economics, 2004), the authors concluded that bail agents significantly reduce the rates of fugitives from justice and are the “true long arm of the law.”

To eliminate such an effective solution makes no sense. While reform is sometimes necessary, the goal should not be to take a broad sword to eliminate an entire industry.

What many proponents of bail reform don’t realize is that California’s bail system already has mechanisms in place to deal with many of their issues. If someone in jail is truly indigent, many California counties already have a pretrial services agency to assist them. If someone is not a risk to the community, judges can already release that person on their own recognizance.

The question really shouldn’t be how can we scrap the current system and replace it, but rather, the question should be how can we better manage and improve the current system.

The bail industry has been an essential and valuable part of the criminal justice system in California for decades. To simply think it should be scrapped and replaced is both shortsighted and dangerous.

The right to bail is something that is guaranteed both in the United States and California Constitutions. We hope that California will do the right thing when it comes to holding people accountable and protecting its citizens.

It is what every elected official has vowed to do, and what every Californian family deserves.

Mitchell is president, California Bail Agents Association. Website: cbaa.com.

Bail Reform Marketing 101: The Myth of 62

April 20, 2017
by Eric Granof, Vice President of Corporate Communications for AIA Surety.

BEHIND THE PAPER WITH ERIC GRANOF

If you have ever taken a marketing and communications class in school, one of the first lessons you learn is that perception is stronger than reality. If you can get consumers to perceive that your product or brand is more reliable, or more effective, or safer than the competition, the reality of that truth becomes less important. Now don’t get me wrong, facts always matter in marketing, but if you can connect with people in an emotional way beyond the facts, then you can convince them of almost anything.

Now one paragraph into this blog, you are probably asking yourself, “Eric, this is all fine and good, but what the heck does it have to do with Bail Reform?” My response to you is, “Everything!”

The proponents of public sector pretrial release and the social justice advocates behind the bail reform movement have been running one of the best marketing campaigns I have ever seen. While they are not selling a product or service, they are successfully selling an ideology. While their customer is not the average Joe on the street, their customer is likeminded politicians and judges who share the same belief system. Even if we all completely disagree with what they are doing, you have to give them credit for running a convincing campaign. As I mentioned previously, the strength of any marketing program isn’t the strength of the reality behind it, but rather the perception you are able to create. These so called social justice warriors have not been selling reality, but rather they have been selling a perception of reality that is based solely on their ideology with very little facts.

That being said, perception has its lifespan just like everything else. You can create the perception and enjoy the benefits of that positioning for a period of time, but ultimately, if the facts and reality don’t catch up to the perception and support it, you will lose credibility all together. For example, Volvo’s will only be perceived as the safest cars on the road, as long as people do not die driving them. Sony products will only be seen as the most reliable as long as their products keep working. Public sector pretrial release programs and electronic algorithms can only be sold as effective tools as long as they perform at that level. See where I am going with this?

The public sector pretrial community has created a perception that they are solving a dire problem in the criminal justice system. That problem is based on one key marketing talking point (notice how I didn’t use the word fact?). That talking point is that 62% of people sitting in jail at this very moment are there for the sole reason that they cannot afford to pay for a bail bond. This one concept is the pillar behind their entire movement. They have created a narrative and sold it to influencers inside the criminal justice system as truth. They use fancy marketing brochures and websites. They created viral online videos and PowerPoint presentations that all perpetuate this “myth of 62%.” They use language that is more visual and disturbing to people like “people languishing away in “cages” as opposed to jail cells because while one draws up images of bad guys being locked up deservedly in jail, the other one draws up images of people being undeservedly locked up and treated like animals…which do you think is more effective? And how do we know at the end of the day that their marketing is working? Just listen to those that they have sold it to and you will hear them regurgitate the same language and the same talking points, including the most important one of all, the mythical 62% number.

Just for the record, the reality is that 62% of people in jail are NOT there because they can’t afford a bail bond. There are several legitimate studies that refute this number and actually prove that the number of people who are in jail solely for the reason they can’t afford bail is as low as 1-2% of the population. In fact, most jail populations only have a bailable population of around 10%. The remaining 90% of defendants aren’t even eligible for bail. But this fact doesn’t align with the bail reform marketing campaign. This fact doesn’t support their powerful emotional claim of 62%. My guess is that the truth didn’t test as well in the focus group, so they decided to ignore it.

As I discussed previously, the one way to combat perception or shall I say misperception in this case is to let it run its course and ultimately be overtaken by the facts. This is what is happening in New Jersey. The voters in New Jersey were sold a marketing campaign entitled “Bail Reform.” The narrative simply put was that “Innocent people were languishing away in cages because they were poor while guilty and dangerous people were being let out because they had money. Who in the world wouldn’t vote for something to solve this problem? And Bail Reform was passed. Now comes the reality. As of January 1st, the so-called magical bail algorithm was unveiled and the computers took over. Now with a simple questionnaire, public sector pretrial advocates can tell you all about a defendant, including whether or not they are going to show up for court, whether or not they will commit another crime if released from custody and they might even tell you what the defendants like for breakfast…that is, of course, if the algorithm has been validated appropriately. Based on this magical algorithm, judges are now told what to think and what to do. The result, child molesters are being identified as “low risk” and released for FREE on a promise to appear in court. Drug dealers are being identified as “low risk” and released for FREE on a promise to appear in court. Defendants who have assaulted police officers are released for FREE on a promise to appear in court. Instead of punishing people who commit crimes, New Jersey is now rewarding them by releasing them with zero accountability. Have you ever heard the saying, if you reward bad behavior, you can only expect one thing…more bad behavior. I think New Jersey communities won’t just be hearing that statement but experiencing it for the foreseeable future. Hopefully, the public soon sees the reality of this misguided and dangerous marketing campaign they bought in before crime reaches new astronomical records and the rule of law goes away.

Another way to combat the myth of bail reform and the factless marketing campaign is to not just sit around and wait for the truth to catch up, but rather to speed the process along and perpetuate the truth. Once again, New Jersey is the best example to share on this. Several concerned parties, from law enforcement to bail agents to community members, have all taken to social media to spread the stories of the bail reform marketing campaign’s deceitful lies and empty promises. Story after story of dangerous criminals being released into the public is being shared with a broad spectrum of people across the state and the country. Each story shared puts a crack in the foundation of the bail reform lie. Each story shared puts a glimmer of truth into the narrative and opens people’s eyes to the mistake that was made. Hats off to New Jersey for having the courage to step up and pull back the curtain and unveil the myths and lies that the bail reform movement is built on. I invite everyone to visit this group online and share their stories at … aiasurety.com/bail-bond-blog/bail-reform-marketing-101-myth-62/

From New Jersey to Texas to California, the Bail Reform Marketing Campaign is in full swing. But reality and facts are following close behind and when they start revealing themselves in the form of crime increases, failures to appear for court, and more people in jail than there were previously, then maybe then people will wake up and realize the mistakes of their actions. Until that time, I encourage every concerned citizen, every law enforcement supporter, every bail agent and every victim advocate to share the truth about the failures of bail reform. Combat the myths with the truth. Demand that your lawmakers first understand the problems facing the criminal justice system, before buying the so-called FREE shiny new product being sold to them that will save them money and solve all their problems.

Does our criminal justice system need reform? Absolutely! Do we need to find ways to reduce crime? Absolutely! Do we need to find ways to treat people more fairly? Absolutely! Do we need to find a way to make sure the rights of victims are protected? Absolutely! Is getting rid of the bail industry the solution to achieve those things? Absolutely Not!

It is time to start having a grown-up discussion that involves facts and truths and less emotion and ideology. It is time to stop marketing lies and empty promises and focus on solving problems. Then, and only then, can you truly improve and reform the criminal justice system.

Eric Granoff is the Vice President of Corporate Communications for AIA Surety.

Bail reform: A slap in the face to victims and survivors

June 20, 2018
by Stacie Rumenap

I go to work each day to protect our nation’s most vulnerable — our children. As president of Stop Child Predators, it’s my job to educate families on sexual assault prevention and to stem the tide of dangerous trends that allow predators to roam our streets and commit such grotesque crimes in the first place.

That’s why I am surprised that proponents of bail reform are calling for changes that will make it easier for criminals to get out of jail and recommit crimes in Texas, a state that has historically remained “tough on crime.”

Bail reform, while being sold as a solution to help poor people, would significantly undercut public safety by eliminating cash bail and implementing risk assessment tools in its place.

The risk assessment tools used to decide who should be jailed are the equivalent of a magic eight ball. These tools often do not consider any history of criminal offenses outside of Texas, and the results are often kept secret from the public.

Studies have shown these algorithms do not reduce recidivism, do not reduce failure to appear, and do not reduce jail populations. Additionally, these tools are largely unproven, unreliable, and racially biased. Yet, many in Texas wrongly believe them to be a solution for freeing poor people who cannot afford to post bail — even though these tools are not designed to determine who is or is not poor.

Like many Texans, I share these concerns for the poor. But the substitution of a magic eight ball for the judgment of seasoned, elected judges raises public safety concerns.

These reformers are not taking into account the impact bail reform will have on victims of sexual assault, especially child victims of sexual assault. The silence has been deafening. Bail reform has resulted in widespread release of defendants without bail and without consequence, raising alarming questions about public safety.

I speak with victims’ families on a daily basis. I know firsthand that victims of crime need assurance that their abusers will be held accountable in court. In Harris County, which is ground zero for Texas’ bail reform efforts, a whopping 43 percent of those mandated by a recent court order to be released without bail failed to reappear for court. Why? Because there is no way to hold these criminals accountable.

Victims of sexual assault, more than other crime victims, are often too afraid to come forward. They are unable to speak up about something so very personal and horrific. When victims do come forward, their courage is eviscerated when the defendant is released — without consequence — into the community and then fails to appear for court. This is made worse if the defendant commits another crime, becoming what law enforcement officers call a “frequent flier” offender.

Put yourself in a victim’s shoes and imagine living in a world where your offender is out of jail, roaming the streets with absolutely no accountability and little supervision from law enforcement.
This is not the type of environment we want to create for victims.

Holding abusers accountable is the cornerstone of our justice system, and it’s vital to victims’ healing processes.

Bail bond agents hold defendants accountable, encourage them to stay out of trouble, and ensure they show up to court on the appropriate date. Bond agents have a good track record of ensuring those awaiting trial are returned to court. While 43 percent of defendants released under the judge’s order failed to appear in Harris County, only 5 percent of those released under traditional bond agents failed to appear, and those subject to bonds are being tracked and returned to court.

Counties across Texas are now looking to follow in Harris County’s footsteps by releasing more defendants without bail, even in circumstances where defendants have failed to reappear for court before.

Doing away with the bail system would be an enormous blow to victims and put public safety at risk. Similar policies are already creating a revolving door of criminals in Texas jails, allowing defendants to skip out on court, traumatize their victims and commit new offenses.

It’s time to consider the rights of victims. Proper use of bail as defined currently under Texas law assures that defendants return to court so that victims’ voices may be heard. Sacrificing public safety isn’t the answer.

Texans must act, and act now to encourage officials to say no to bail reform.

Stacie Rumenap
President, Stop Child Predators

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